The treatment in the form of lasers, intravitreal anti-VEGF injections or surgery is planned to reduce the Chances of unfavorable disease outcomes. Mild forms of ROP may resolve on their own without any active intervention. Severe forms of the disease on the other hand may need medical treatment as long as it is limited to stage 3. Surgical intervention is necessary once the disease reaches stage 4 or 5.
Once treated, lifelong follow up (yearly) is mandatory. All other premature infants irrespective of having ROP yearly follow up till the age of 5 years is advisable.