||An irregularly shaped cornea that can cause blurred vision.
||Glasses if it causes blurred vision.
|Blocked tear ducts
||In some babies, the eyes overflow with tears and collect mucus.
||Gentle massage of the tear duct can help relieve the blockage . If that doesn’t work, a tear duct probing procedure or surgery may be needed.
||A clouding of the lens of the eye.
||Most cataracts must be surgically removed. Cataracts in babies and children are rare and usually not related to characters in adults.
||A firm, painless bump on the eyelid due to a blocked oil gland.
||Many resolve on its own or be treated with eye drops or warm compresses. In some cases minor surgery may be needed.
|Droopy eyelids (ptosis)
||When the eyelids are not as open as they should be. This is caused by weakness in the muscle that opens the eyelid.
||If severe, It can cause poor vision development (amblyopia) and need eyelid surgery.
| Falsely misaligned eyes (pseudostrabismus)
|| Caused by a wide nasal bridge or extra folds of skin between the nose and eye hence, the eyes only appear cross-eyed.
|| None. The should be monitored to be sure they remain healthy.
| Farsightedness (hyperopia)
|| Difficultly seeing close objects. A small degree of farsightedness is normal in babies and children.
|| If it becomes severe or causes the eyes to cross, glasses are needed.
|| A condition in which the pressure inside the eye is too high. If left untreated, glaucoma can cause blindness. Warning signs are extreme sensitivity light, tearing, persistent pain, an enlarged eye, cloudy cornea, and lid spasm.
|| Glaucoma in childhood usually needs surgery.
| Lazy eye (amblyopia)
|| Reduce vision from lack of use in an otherwise normal eye. It’s often caused by poor focusing or misaligned eyes.
|| Applying a patch or special eye drops to the “good” eye. Other treatments commonly include glasses or eye muscle surgery for misaligned eyes.
| Misaligned eyes (strabismus)
|| When one eye turns inward, upward, downward, or outward. This is caused by eye muscles that do not work well together.
|| Glasses, patches, or surgery depending on causes for misalignment.
| Nearsightedness (myopia)
|| Difficultly seeing faraway objects. Nearsightedness is very rare in babies but become common in school-aged children.
|| Glasses are used to correct blurred distance vision. Once nearsighted, children do not usually outgrow the condition and contact lenses may be worn when old enough.
| Pinkeye (conjunctivities)
|| A reddening of the weight part of the eye, usually due to infections, allergies, or irritation. Signs include tearing, discharge, and the feeling that there’s something in the eye.
||Depending on its cause, pinkeye is often treated with eye drops or ointment. Frequent hand washing can limit the spread of eye infections to the other family members and classmates.
| Scratched cornea (corneal abrasion)
|| A scratch of the front surface of the eye (the cornea). It can be very painful, and the eyes usually tear and are also sensitive to light.
|| Antibiotic drops or ointment to promote healing and prevent infection.
| Stye (hordeolum)
|| A painful, red dump on the eyelid due to an infected oil or sweet gland.
|| Warm compresses and antibiotic drops or ointment.
|Swollen eyelids (blepharitis)
|| An inflammation in the oily glands of the eyelid. This usually results in swollen eyelids excessive crusting of the eyelashes.
|| Warm compresses and washing the eyelids with bay shampoo. Antibiotic may be needed if there’s a infection.
|| Farsightedness caused by loss of elasticity of lens, usually occur over the age of 40.
|| It is corrected using reading glasses or addition lenses.
| Dibetic (retinopathy)
|| Due to high blood sugar levels, blood vessels leak in the retina of the eye.
|| Laser treatment (Photo-Coagulation) is done for treating vision loss.
| Hypertensive retinopathy
|| Blood vessels of retina gets damaged due to high blood pressure.
|| To stabilise the blood pressure and prognosis is poor.